#### O. Embréus S. Newton A. Stahl E. Hirvijoki T. Fülöp

Ions accelerated by electric fields (so-called runaway ions) in plasmas may explain observations in solar flares and fusion experiments, however limitations of previous analytic work have prevented definite conclusions. In this work we describe a numerical solver of the 2D non-relativistic linearized Fokker-Planck equation for ions. It solves the i…

Preprint Published#### J. B. Taylor S. L. Newton

These notes are based on lectures given by one of us (J.B.T.) at the University of Texas in Austin in 1991. Part I concerns some basic features of plasma confinement by magnetic fields as an introduction to an account of plasma relaxation in Part II. Part III discusses confinement by magnetic mirrors, especially minimum- B systems It also includes …

Preprint Published#### Xujing Li Leonid E. Zakharov Vladimir V. Drozdov

The edge equilibrium code (EEC) described in this paper is developed for simulations of the near edge plasma using the finite element method. It solves the Grad-Shafranov equation in toroidal coordinate and uses adaptive grids aligned with magnetic field lines. Hermite finite elements are chosen for the numerical scheme. A fast Newton scheme which …

Published#### T. Fülöp S. Newton

Runaway particles can be produced in plasmas with large electric fields. Here, we address the possibility that such runaway ions and electrons excite Alfv enic instabilities. The magnetic perturbation induced by these modes can enhance the loss of runaways. This may have important implications for the runaway electron beam formation in tokamak disr…

Published#### M.D.J. Cole S.L. Newton S.C. Cowley N.F. Loureiro D. Dickinson C. Roach J.W. Connor

We have extended our study of the competition between the drive and stabilization of plasma microinstabilities by sheared flow to include electromagnetic effects at low plasma ß (the ratio of plasma to magnetic pressure). The extended system of characteristic equations is formulated, for a dissipative fluid model developed from the gyrokinetic equ…

Published#### P. Helander S. L. Newton

Existing numerical tools for calculating the MHD stability of magnetically confined plasmas generally assume the existence of nested flux surfaces. These tools are therefore not immediately applicable to configurations with magnetic islands or regions with an ergodic magnetic field. However, in practice, these islands or ergodic regions are often s…

Published#### A. R. Field J. Mccone N. J. Conway M. Dunstan S. Newton M. Wisse

Neo-classical tokamak plasma theory predicts poloidal rotation driven by the temperature gradient of order ~ few km/s. In conventional aspect ratio tokamak plasmas, e.g. on JET and DIII-D, poloidal velocities considerably in excess of the neo-classical values have been measured, particularly in the presence of internal transport barriers (ITBs), by…

Published#### S. Newton P. Helander

It is widely believed that transport barriers in tokamak plasmas are caused by radial electric-field shear, which is governed by angular momentum transport. Turbulence is suppressed in the barrier, and ion thermal transport is comparable to the neoclassical prediction, but experimentally angular momentum transport has remained anomalous. With this …

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