UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 6 of 6 Journals Results

The impacts of ions and neutrons in metals causes cascades of atomic collisions that expand and shrink, leaving microstructure defect debris, i.e. interstitial or vacancy clusters or loops of different sizes. In [A. De Backer, A. E. Sand, K. Nordlund, L. Lun´eville, D. Simeone, and S. L. Dudarev. EPL, 115(2):26001, 2016.], we described a method…

Preprint Published

Atomic collision processes are fundamental to numerous advanced materials technologies such as electron microscopy, semiconductor processing and nuclear power generation. Extensive experimental and computer simulation studies over the past several decades provide the physical basis for understanding the atomic-scale processes occurring during prima…


Recently, a scaling law describing the formation of defect clusters under irradiation has been established [1, 2]. A critical constraint associated with its application to phenomena occurring over a broad range of irradiation conditions is the limitation on the energy of incident particles. Incident neutrons or ions, with energies exceeding a certa…

Preprint Purchase

Using in-situ transmission electron microscopy, we have directly observed nano-scale defects formed in ultra-high purity tungsten by low-dose high energy self-ion irradiation at 30K. At cryogenic temperature lattice defects have reduced mobility, so these microscope observations over a window on the initial, primary damage caused by individual coll…

Preprint Published

Recent experiments on in situ high-energy self-ion irradiation of tungsten (W) show the occurrence of unusual cascade damage effects resulting from single-ion impacts, shedding light on the nature of radiation damage expected in the tungsten components of a fusion reactor. In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of defect production in 150 keV c…


We examine a possible mechanism for the formation of protrusions on a metallic surface held in a sufficiently high electric field in the presence of a near-surface void. By means of molecular dynamics simulations we show that the high tensile stress exerted on a Cu f110g surface with a near-surface void can promote the nucleation of dislocations on…