UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 10 of 26 Journals Results
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)78

During an accident with loss-of-coolant and air ingress in DEMO, the temperature of tungsten first wall cladding may exceed 1000oC and remain for months leading to tungsten oxidation. The radioactive tungsten oxide can be mobilized to the environment at rates of 10 – 150 kg per hour. Smart tungsten-based alloys are under develop…

Preprint Purchase
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)25

Deuterium pellets are injected into initially pure hydrogen H-mode plasma in order to control H:D isotope mixture. The pellets are deposited in outer 20% of minor radius, similar to that expected in ITER creating transiently hollow electron density profiles. The isotope mixture of H:D ~ 45:55% is obtained in the core with pellet fuelling throughput…

Preprint Published
2018
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(18)45

In magnetic fusion devices, unwanted non-axisymmetric magnetic eld perturbations, known as error fields (EF), can have detrimental effects on plasma stability and confinement. To minimize their impact on plasma performances and on the available operational space, it is important to identify the EF sources and develop EF control strategies. MAST Up…

Preprint Purchase
The published version of this paper is currently under embargo and will be available on 11/08/2022
2017
CCFE-PR(17)11

This work presents the first evidence of helical flow in RFX-mod q(a) < 2 tokamak plasmas. The flow pattern is characterized by the presence of convective cells with m = 1 and n = 1 periodicity in the poloidal and toroidal direction, respectively. A similar helical flow deformation has been observed in the same device when operatedfas a Reversed…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(17)22

The Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) is the centre piece of the UK fusion research programme.In 2010, a MAST Upgrade programme was initiated with three primary objectives, to contribute to: (1)testing reactor concepts (in particular exhaust solutions via a flexible divertor allowing Super-X and otherextended leg configurations); (2) adding to the …

Preprint Published
2014

A single chord two-color CO2/HeNe (10.6/0.633 µm) heterodyne laser interferometer has been designed to measure the line integral electron density along the mid-plane of the MAST Upgrade tokamak, with a typical error of 1 × 1018 m-3 (~2 phase error) at 4 MHz temporal resolution. To ensure this diagnostic system can be restored from any failures wi…

Published
2014

This paper presents two different conceptual designs of neutron cameras for Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST) Upgrade. The first one consists of two horizontal cameras, one equatorial and one vertically down-shifted by 65 cm. The second design, viewing the plasma in a poloidal section, also consists of two cameras, one radial and the other one w…

Published
2014

One of the main FAST (Fusion Advanced Studies Torus) goals is to have a flexible experiment capable to test tools and scenarios for safe and reliable tokamak operation, in order to support ITER and help the final DEMO design. In particular, in this paper, we focus on operation close to a possible border of stability related to low-q operation. To t…

Published
2014

The misalignment of field coils in tokamaks can lead to toroidal asymmetries in the magnetic field, which are known as intrinsic error fields. These error fields often lead to the formation of locked modes in the plasma, which limit the lowest density that is achievable. The intrinsic error fields on MAST have been determined by the direct measurem…

Published
2013

Disruptions are of significant concern to future devices, due to the large amount of energy released during the rapid quenching of the plasma. Disruption mitigation has been performed on MAST, to study the effect on heat loads and disruption time scales in a spherical tokamak. Massive gas injection is performed using a disruption mitigation valve c…

Published