UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 7 of 7 Journals Results
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)74

The impacts of ions and neutrons in metals causes cascades of atomic collisions that expand and shrink, leaving microstructure defect debris, i.e. interstitial or vacancy clusters or loops of different sizes. In [A. De Backer, A. E. Sand, K. Nordlund, L. Lun´eville, D. Simeone, and S. L. Dudarev. EPL, 115(2):26001, 2016.], we described a method…

Preprint Published
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)72

Self-ion bombardment of pure tungsten with ion energies of 2 MeV is used to mimic the defects created by neutrons in a fusion reactor. Electron microscopy is used to characterize the microstructure of samples. Thermal Desorption Spectrometry (TDS) is performed on deuterium implanted samples in order to estimate deuterium inventory as function of…

Preprint
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)41

A new facility to study the interaction of hydrogen isotopes with nuclear fusion relevant first wall materials, its retention and release, has been produced. The new facility allows implanting a range of gases into samples, including tritium. Accurate study of isotope effects, such as the isotopic exchange in damaged microstructure, has previously …

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)64

In a fusion tokamak, the plasma of hydrogen isotopes is in contact with tungsten at the surface of a divertor. In the bulk of the material, the hydrogen concentration profile tends towards dynamic equilibrium between the flux of incident ions and their trapping and release from defects, either native or produced by ion and neutron irradiation. The …

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)21

The damage produced by primary knock-on atoms (PKA) in W has been investigated from the threshold displacement energy (TDE) where it produces one Self Interstitial Atom (SIA) – vacancy pair to larger energies, up to 100 keV, where a large molten volume is formed. The TDE has been determined in different crystal directions using the Born Oppenheim…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)75

Recently, a scaling law describing the formation of defect clusters under irradiation has been established [1, 2]. A critical constraint associated with its application to phenomena occurring over a broad range of irradiation conditions is the limitation on the energy of incident particles. Incident neutrons or ions, with energies exceeding a certa…

Preprint Purchase
2015
CCFE-PR(15)12

Implantation of 10 keV helium in 316L steel thin foils was performed in JANNuS-Orsay facility and modelled using a multiscale approach. Density Functional Theory (DFT) atomistic calculations [1] were used to obtain the properties of He and He-vacancy clusters, and the Binary Collision Approximation based code Marlowe was applied to determine the da…

Preprint Purchase