UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 10 of 36 Journals Results
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)67

Disruption prediction and avoidance is a critical need for next-step tokamaks such as ITER. The Disruption Event Characterization and Forecasting Code (DECAF) is used to fully automate analysis of tokamak data to determine chains of events that lead to disruptions and to forecast their evolution allowing sufficient time for mitigation or full av…

Preprint
2018
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)129

Typically applied to non-linear simulations of MHD instabilities relevant to magnetically confined fusion, the JOREK code was originally developed with a 2D grid composed of isoparametric bi-cubic Bezier finite elements, that are aligned to the magnetic equilibrium of tokamak plasmas. To improve the applicability of these simulations, the grid-gene…

Preprint Purchase
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)07

ELM simulations for the MAST-U Super-X tokamak have been obtained, using the JOREK code. The JOREK visco-resistive MHD model has been used to obtain comparisons of divertor configurations. The simulations show a factor 10 decrease in the peak heat flux to the outer target of the Super-X in comparison to a conventional divertor configuration. A roll…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)34

Reduced models coupled to time-dependent axisymmetric vacuum field calculations are used to develop the prefill and feed-forward coil current targets required for reliable direct induction (DI) startup on the new MA-class spherical tokamaks, MAST-U and NSTX-U. The calculations are constrained by operational limits unique to each device, such as the…

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)65

Using high speed imaging of the divertor volume, the region close to the X-point in MAST is shown to be quiescent. This is confirmed by three different analysis techniques and the quiescent X-point region (QXR) spans from the separatrix to the N = 1.02 flux surface. Local reductions to the atomic density and effects associated with the camera vie…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(17)18

Clear filamentary structures are observed at the edge of tokamak plasmas. These filaments are ejected out radially and carry plasma in the far Scrape Off Layer (SOL) region, where they are responsible for producing most of the transport. A study has been performed of the characteristics of the filaments observed in L-mode plasma on MAST, using visi…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)09

The complete refuelling of the plasma density loss (pump-out) caused by mitigation of Edge Localised Modes (ELMs) is demonstrated on the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. The plasma is refuelled by injection of frozen deuterium pellets and ELMs are mitigated by external resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs). In this experiment relevant dimensionless paramete…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)30

In future nuclear fusion reactors high heat load events, such as edge-localised modes (ELMs), can potentially damage divertor materials and release impurities into the main plasma, limiting plasma performance. The most difficult to handle are type I ELMs since they carry the largest fraction of energy from the plasma and therefore deposit the large…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)53

Filamentary transport across the scrape off layer is a key issue for the design and operation of future devices, such as ITER, DEMO and MAST-U, as it sets the power loadings to the divertor and first wall of the machine. Analysis has been performed on L mode filaments in MAST in order to gain an understanding of the spatial structure and attempt to…

Preprint Published