UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 6 of 6 Journals Results

Tungsten is one the primary candidate materials for the high neutron flux, high temperature components of a future demonstrate fusion reactor. Despite this, there is a lack of data on W under fusion relevant neutron doses and irradiation temperatures. Transmutation reactions result in the production of Re and Os solute atoms, at a rate which is …


The impacts of ions and neutrons in metals causes cascades of atomic collisions that expand and shrink, leaving microstructure defect debris, i.e. interstitial or vacancy clusters or loops of different sizes. In [A. De Backer, A. E. Sand, K. Nordlund, L. Lun´eville, D. Simeone, and S. L. Dudarev. EPL, 115(2):26001, 2016.], we described a method…

Preprint Published

In a fusion tokamak, the plasma of hydrogen isotopes is in contact with tungsten at the surface of a divertor. In the bulk of the material, the hydrogen concentration profile tends towards dynamic equilibrium between the flux of incident ions and their trapping and release from defects, either native or produced by ion and neutron irradiation. The …

Preprint Published

We present an empirical interatomic potential for tungsten, particularly well suited for simulations of vacancy-type defects. We compare energies and structures of vacancy clusters generated with the empirical potential with an extensive new database of values computed using density functional theory, and show that the new potential predicts low-en…

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The damage produced by primary knock-on atoms (PKA) in W has been investigated from the threshold displacement energy (TDE) where it produces one Self Interstitial Atom (SIA) – vacancy pair to larger energies, up to 100 keV, where a large molten volume is formed. The TDE has been determined in different crystal directions using the Born Oppenheim…

Preprint Published

Implantation of 10 keV helium in 316L steel thin foils was performed in JANNuS-Orsay facility and modelled using a multiscale approach. Density Functional Theory (DFT) atomistic calculations [1] were used to obtain the properties of He and He-vacancy clusters, and the Binary Collision Approximation based code Marlowe was applied to determine the da…

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