UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 10 of 58 Journals Results
2021
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(21)41

Self-passivating Metal Alloys with Reduced Thermo-oxidation (SMART) are under development for the primary application as plasma-facing materials of the first wall in a fusion DEMOnstration power plant (DEMO). SMART materials must combine the suppressed oxidation in case of an accident and an acceptable plasma performance during the regular operatio…

Preprint Published
2021
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(21)27

Tungsten is one the primary candidate materials for the high neutron flux, high temperature components of a future demonstrate fusion reactor. Despite this, there is a lack of data on W under fusion relevant neutron doses and irradiation temperatures. Transmutation reactions result in the production of Re and Os solute atoms, at a rate which is …

Preprint
2021
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(21)22

In this study, radiation-induced precipitation of transmutation products is addressed via the development of a new solute and vacancy concentration dependant Ising model for the W-Re-Os system. This new model includes interactions between both Os and Re atoms, thus facilitating more representative simulations of transmutation in fusion reactor comp…

Preprint Published
2021
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(21)18

Multi-component alloys are emerging as promising metallic materials for cryogenic applications for their excellent combination of high ultimate tensile strength and good ductility. But their low yield strength can severely limit their applications. Lattice distortion is emerging as a feasible method in overcoming this dilemma. Here, we investigate …

Preprint
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)107

One of the key challenges for the development of high-performance fusion materials is to design materials capable of maintaining mechanical and structural integrity under the extreme levels of displacement damage, high temperature and transmutation rates. High-entropy alloys (HEAs) and other concentrated alloys have attracted attention with rega…

Preprint Published
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)106

The development of High-Entropy Alloys (HEAs) focuses on exploring compositional regions in multicomponent systems with all alloy elements in equal or near-equal atomic concentrations. Initially it was based on the main idea that high mixing configurational entropy contributions to the alloy free energy could promote the formation of a single so…

Preprint Published
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)79

Point defects in body-centred cubic Fe, Cr and concentrated random magnetic Fe-Cr are investigated using density functional theory and theory of elasticity. The volume of a substitutional Cr atom in ferromagnetic bcc Fe is approximately 18% larger than the volume of a host Fe atom, whereas the volume of a substitutional Fe atom in antiferromagnetic…

Preprint Published
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)78

During an accident with loss-of-coolant and air ingress in DEMO, the temperature of tungsten first wall cladding may exceed 1000oC and remain for months leading to tungsten oxidation. The radioactive tungsten oxide can be mobilized to the environment at rates of 10 – 150 kg per hour. Smart tungsten-based alloys are under develop…

Preprint Purchase
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)44

The low energy structures of irradiation-induced defects have been studied in detail, as these determine the available modes by which a defect can diffuse or relax. As a result, there are many studies concerning the relative energies of possible defect structures, and empirical potentials are commonly fitted to or evaluated with respect to these en…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)42

High temperature, neutron irradiated single crystal tungsten, with a post irradiation composition of W-1.20±0.11at.%Re-0.11±0.05at.%Os-0.03±0.01at.%Ta was characterised using a combination of Atom Probe Tomography (APT) and Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM). APT showed that within nanoscale clusters of Re/Os, the atomic density wa…

Preprint Published