UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 9 of 9 Journals Results

Prediction of material performance in fusion reactor environments relies on computational modelling, and will continue to do so until the first generation of fusion power plants come on line and allow long-term behaviour to be observed. In the meantime, the modelling is supported by experiments that attempt to replicate some aspects of the eventua…

Preprint Published

A method to quantify the energy transfer among turbulent structures using singular value decomposition (SVD) is presented. We apply the method to numerical turbulence data obtained from a global plasma simulation using the Hasegawa-Wakatani fluid model, in which the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability plays a dominant role. Using the SVD method, …

Preprint Purchase
The published version of this paper is currently under embargo and will be available on 08/12/2021

The diffusion of defects in crystalline materials governs macroscopic behaviour in a wide range of processes, including alloying, precipitation, phase transformation, and creep. In real materials, intrinsic defects are unavoidably bound to static trapping centres such as impurity atoms, meaning that their diffusion is controlled by the de-trapping …


The novel technique of dynamical mode decomposition (DMD) is applied to the outputs of a numerical simulation of Kelvin-Helmholtz turbulence in a cylindical plasma, so as to capture and quantify the time evolution of the dominant nonlinear structures. These structures comprise rotationally symmetric deformations together with spiral patterns, which…

Preprint Published

Helium bubble production in tungsten has been studied combining transmission electron microscopy and in situ irradiations with 10 keV He+ ions. The irradiations were carried out at four temperatures (773 K, 1073 K, 1273 K, 1473 K), and were held at intervals of (0.45; 0.9; 1.2; 1.5) × 1020 He+/m2 for each temperature. Based on detailed analyses of…

Preprint Published

Quantum dynamics within solids is usually restricted to low mass particles such as electrons and muons, or single atoms of light elements such as hydrogen. In this letter we report observation of the quantum-assisted motion of self-interstitial atom clusters in tungsten (each of mass 184 Da), travelling distances of several nanometres between trapp…


Vacancy-mediated climb models cannot account for the fast, direct coalescence of dislocation loops seen experimentally. An alternative mechanism, self climb, allows prismatic dislocation loops to move away from their glide surface via pipe diffusion around the loop perimeter, independent of any vacancy atmosphere. Despite the known importance of se…

Preprint Published

Defect microstructures formed in ion-irradiated metals, for example iron or tungsten, often exhibit patterns of spatially ordered nano-scale dislocation loops. We show that such ordered dislocation loop structures may form spontaneously as a result of Brownian motion of loops, biased by the angular-dependent elastic interaction between the loops. P…


In situ real-time electron microscope observations of metals irradiated with ultrahigh-energy electrons or energetic ions show that the dynamics of microstructural evolution in these materials is strongly influenced by long-range elastic interactions between mobile nanoscale radiation defects. Treating long-range interactions is also necessary for …