UKAEA Journals

Showing 11 - 20 of 107 Journals Results
2018
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(18)11

Chirping observed in ion cyclotron emission (ICE) from the KSTAR tokamak at sequential proton harmonics in the range 200 to 500 MHz has recently been interpreted (B. Chapman et al., Nucl. Fusion 57, 124004 (2017)) as due to fast, sub-microsecond, evolution of the local deuterium plasma density. This density evolution changes the plasma environment …

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)13

Future devices like JT-60SA, ITER and DEMO require quantitative predictions of pedestal density and temperature levels, as well as inter-ELM and ELM divertor heat fluxes, in order to improve global confinement capabilities while preventing divertor erosion/melting in the planning of future experiments. Such predictions can be obtained from dedicate…

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)56

The merging-compression method of plasma start-up in the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) involved the creation of two plasma tori with parallel currents, which merged at the vacuum vessel midplane due to their mutual attraction. Magnetic reconnection occurred in this process causing strong heating of both ions and electrons on millisecond timesca…

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)48

The ITER tokamak needs to sustain a plasma in a regime of high energy confinement (H-mode) to exceed fusion breakeven where power output exceeds input. H-mode plasmas are typically unstable to edge localised modes (ELMs), in which plasma escapes and strikes the plasma facing components. Scaled up to ITER, the energy released by ELMs can cause criti…

Preprint
2017
CCFE-PR(17)04

Ion cyclotron emission (ICE) is detected during edge localised modes (ELMs) in the KSTAR tokamak at harmonics of the proton cyclotron frequency in the outer plasma edge. The emission typically chirps downward (occasionally upward) during ELM crashes, and is driven by confined 3MeV fusion-born protons that have large drift excursions from the plasma…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)43

The sandpile paradigm is widely used to model aspects of the phenomenology of magnetically confined fusion (MCF) plasmas, including enhanced confinement, edge pedestals and, potentially, the impulsive energy and particle release process known as ELMing. Here we identify new points of contact between ELMing and the systemwide avalanches in a sandpil…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)25

The high-frequency noise measured by magnetic sensors, at levels above the typical frequency of resistive wall modes, is analyzed across a range of present tokamak devices including DIII-D, JET, MAST, ASDEX Upgrade, JT-60U, and NSTX. A high-pass filter enables identification of the noise component with Gaussian-like statistics that shares certain c…

Preprint Purchase
2016
CCFE-PR(16)19

ELM control may be essential to develop ITER scenarios with a reasonable lifetime of divertor components, whilst ELM pacing may be essential to develop stationary ITER scenarios with a tungsten divertor. Resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) have mitigated ELMs in high collisionality plasmas in JET. The efficacy of RMPs in mitigating the ELMs is f…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)18

A subset of JET ITER-like wall (ILW) discharges, combining electron density and temperature as well as divertor heat flux measurements, has been collected for the validation of non-linear MHD simulations of Edge-Localised-Modes (ELMs). This permits a quantitative comparison of simulation results against experiments, which is required for the valida…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)10

The magnetic perturbations produced by the resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) coils will be rotated in ITER so that the spiral patterns due to strike point splitting which are locked to the RMP also rotate. This is to ensure even power deposition on the divertor plates. VMEC equilibria are calculated for different phases of the RMP rotation. It i…

Preprint Published