UKAEA Journals

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An avalanche photodiode based APD detector for the visible wavelength range was developed for low light level, high frequency beam emission spectroscopy BES experiments in fusion plasmas. This solid state detector has higher quantum efficiency than photomultiplier tubes, and unlike normal photodiodes, it has internal gain. This paper describes the …


Beam emission spectroscopy BES of the energetic deuterium D 0 heating beams can provide a means of characterizing the density turbulence in tokamak plasmas. First such measurements have been performed on the MAST spherical tokamak using a trial BES system, which shares the collection optics of the charge-exchange recombination spectroscopy system. …