UKAEA Journals

Showing 21 - 30 of 32 Journals Results
2015
CCFE-PR(15)68

It has long been recognised that the shortage of external tritium sources for fusion reactors using D-T, the most promising fusion fuel, requires all such fusion power plants (FPP) to breed their own tritium. It is also recognised that the initial start-up of a fusion reactor will require several kilograms of tritium within a scenario in which radi…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)44

The effects of poloidal asymmetries and heated minority species are shown to be necessary to accurately describe heavy impurity transport in present experiments in JET and ASDEX Upgrade. Plasma rotation, or any small background electrostatic field in the plasma, such as that generated by anisotropic external heating can generate strong poloidal den…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)29

ITER operations require effective fuelling of the core plasma for conditions in which neutral dynamics through the scrape-off layer (SOL) is expected to affect significantly the efficiency of gas penetration. On the basis of previous analysis for stationary conditions, pellets are foreseen to provide core fuelling of high-Q DT scenarios. In this pa…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)03

The fuelling of plasmas by shallow frozen pellets with simultaneous mitigation of edge- localised modes (ELM) by external magnetic perturbation is demonstrated on the MAST tokamak. In these plasmas post-pellet particle loss is dominated by ELMs. It is shown that the size of post-pellet ELMs can be controlled by external magnetic perturbations. Post…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)48

Carbon and nitrogen impurity transport coefficients are determined from gas puff experiments carried out during repeat L-mode discharges on the Mega-Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) and compared against a previous analysis of helium impurity transport on MAST. The impurity density profiles are measured on the lowfield side of the plasma, therefore this…

Preprint Published
2014

Time-dependent helium gas puff experiments have been performed on the Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST) during a two point plasma current scan in L-mode and a confinement scan at 900 kA. An evaluation of the He II spectrum line induced by charge exchange suggests anomalous rates of diffusion and inward convection in the outer regions of both L-m…

Published
2014

Reactor grade plasmas are likely to be fuelled by pellet injection. This technique transiently perturbs the profiles, driving the density profile hollow and flattening the edge temperature profile. After the pellet perturbation, the density and temperature profiles relax towards their quasi-steady-state shape. Microinstabilities influence plasma co…

Published
2012

Shallow fuelling pellets are injected from the high field side into plasmas in which ELMs have been mitigated using external magnetic perturbation coils. The data are compared with ideal assumptions in the ITER fuelling model, namely that mitigated ELMs are not affected by fuelling pellets. Firstly it is shown that during the pellet evaporation an …

Published
2011

Access into H-mode is studied in the MAST tokamak when plasma is fuelled by cryogenic pellets. It is shown that pellet fuelling from the high field side allows access to Hmode in plasmas heated by neutral beams. Simple and two-stage L-H transitions are identified. The results of comparison of the L-H transitions with pellet injection with transitio…

Published
2010

Pellet material deposited in a tokamak plasma experiences a drift towards the low field side of the torus induced by the magnetic field gradient. Plasma fuelling in ITER relies on the beneficial effect of this drift to increase the pellet deposition depth and fuelling efficiency. It is therefore important to analyse this phenomenon in present machi…

Published