Journals

Showing 1 - 10 of 12 Journals Results
2017
CCFE-PR(17)56

The merging-compression method of plasma start-up in the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) involved the creation of two plasma tori with parallel currents, which merged at the vacuum vessel midplane due to their mutual attraction. Magnetic reconnection occurred in this process causing strong heating of both ions and electrons on millisecond timesca…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)117

The phenomenon of redistribution of neutral beam fast-ions due to MHD activity in plasma has been observed on many tokamaks and more recently has been a focus of research on MAST ( Turnyanskiy M. et al, 2013 Nucl. Fusion 53 053016 ). n=1 fishbone modes are observed to cause a large decrease in the neutron emission rate indicating to exist a signifi…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)50

The results of a comprehensive investigation into the effects of toroidicity- induced Alfven eigenmodes (TAE) and energetic particle modes on the NBI-generated fast-ion population in MAST plasmas are reported. Fast-ion redistribution due to frequency-chirping TAE in the range 50 kHz to 100 kHz, and frequency-chirping energetic particle modes known …

Preprint Published
2014

This paper presents two different conceptual designs of neutron cameras for Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST) Upgrade. The first one consists of two horizontal cameras, one equatorial and one vertically down-shifted by 65 cm. The second design, viewing the plasma in a poloidal section, also consists of two cameras, one radial and the other one w…

Published
2014

The proton detector (PD) measures 3 MeV proton yield distributions from deuterium-deuterium fusion reactions within the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST). The PD’s compact four-channel system of collimated and individually oriented silicon detectors probes different regions of the plasma, detecting protons (with gyro radii large enough to be unco…

Published
2014

The Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak Upgrade (MAST Upgrade) is intended as a demonstration of the physics viability of the Spherical Tokamak (ST) concept and as a platform for contributing to ITER/DEMO physics. Concerning physics exploitation, MAST Upgrade plasma scenarios can contribute to the ITER Tokamak physics particularly in the field of fast pa…

Published
2013

Previous experiments on MAST and other tokamaks have indicated that the level of fast ion redistribution can exceed that expected from classical diffusion and that this level increases with beam power. In this paper we present a quantification of this effect in MAST plasmas using a recently commissioned scanning neutron camera. The observed fast io…

Published
2012

A neutron camera with liquid scintillator detectors is used in MAST to measure the neutron emissivity from D (d,n)3He reactions along collimated lines of sight. In this work, the measured recoil proton pulse height spectra generated in the detectors by the incident neutrons is modelled taking into account the energy spectrum of the generated neutro…

Published
2010

A prototype neutron camera has been developed and installed at MAST as part of a feasibility study for a multichord neutron camera system with the aim to measure the spatial and time resolved 2.45 MeV neutron emissivity profile. Liquid scintillators coupled to a fast digitizer are used for neutron/ gamma ray digital pulse shape discrimination. The …

Published
2009

Sawtooth behavior has been investigated in plasmas heated with off-axis neutral beam injection in ASDEX Upgrade [A. Herrmann and O. Gruber, Fusion Sci. Technol. 44 , 569 (2003)] and the Mega-Ampere Spherical Tokamak MAST [A. Sykes and et al. , Nucl. Fusion 41 , 1423 (2001)]. Provided that the fast ions are well confined, the sawtooth period is foun…

Published