UKAEA Journals

Showing 41 - 47 of 47 Journals Results
2011

The low-temperature plastic yield of a -Fe single crystals is known to display a strong temperature dependence and to be controlled by the thermally activated motion of screw dislocations. In this paper, we present molecular dynamics simulations of 1 2 111{112} screw dislocation motion as a function of temperature and stress in order to extract mob…

Published
2011

Nanoscale prismatic loops are modeled via a partial stochastic differential equation that describes an overdamped continuum elastic string, with a view to describing both the internal and collective dynamics of the loop as a function of temperature. Within the framework of the Langevin equation, expressions are derived that relate the empirical par…

Published
2011

In the traditional picture of plasticity in bcc metals, edge dislocations have been assumed to play a minor role due to their high mobility with respect to screw dislocations, which then control plastic flow. 1 2 111{110} edge dislocations indeed fit this description, as it has been shown by way of numerous atomistic simulations. However, 1 2 111{1…

Published
2011

In support of the technological requirements for fusion, the UK fusion technology programme is conducting several experiments using the ASP DT neutron irradiation facility at AWE Aldermaston. The present experimental programme covers two key areas of technology development: improving the quality of nuclear cross-section data required for fusion-rel…

Published
2011

In a fusion reactor, materials will be subjected to significant fluxes of high-energy neutrons. As well as causing radiation damage, the neutrons also initiate nuclear reactions leading to changes in the chemical composition of materials (transmutation). Many of these reactions produce gases, particularly helium, which cause additional swelling and…

Published
2010

In situ real-time electron microscope observations of metals irradiated with ultrahigh-energy electrons or energetic ions show that the dynamics of microstructural evolution in these materials is strongly influenced by long-range elastic interactions between mobile nanoscale radiation defects. Treating long-range interactions is also necessary for …

Published
2006

The maximum temperature expected in ITER is in the region of 40 keV and the minimum average density of approximately 310 19 m -3 is also expected. The proven capability, convenience, and port occupancy of the LIDAR Thomson scattering approach, demonstrated on JET, makes it an excellent candidate for ITER. Nonetheless, there are formidable design ch…

Published