UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 10 of 22 Journals Results
2021
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(21)42

Tungsten and tungsten alloys are being considered as leading candidates for structural and functional materials in future fusion energy devices. The most attractive properties of tungsten for the design of magnetic and inertial fusion energy reactors are its high melting point, high thermal conductivity, low sputtering yield and low long-term dispo…

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The published version of this paper is currently under embargo and will be available on 01/07/2022
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)113

Combining spatially resolved X-ray Laue diffraction with atomic-scale simulations, we observe how ion-irradiated tungsten undergoes a series of non-linear structural transformations with increasing irradiation exposure. Nanoscale defect-induced deformations accumulating above 0.02 displacements per atom (dpa) lead to highly fluctuating strains at ~…

Preprint Published
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)92

Raman spectroscopy has been used to identify defective bonding in neon and silicon ion irradiated single crystals of 6H-SiC. Observable differences exist in the CC bonding region corresponding to different defect structures for neon and silicon ion implantations. Evidence of oxidation during high temperature ion implantation is observed as C-O a…

Preprint
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)91

Ion implantation is widely used as a surrogate for neutron irradiation in the investigation of radiation damage on the properties of materials. Due to the small depth of damage, micromechanical methods must be used to extract material properties. In this work, nanoindentation has been applied to ion irradiated silicon carbide to extract radiatio…

Preprint
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)86

Focussed ion beam (FIB) milling can be used to reveal sub-surface fracture and deformation below indents in materials. However, evolution of residual stresses around the indent impression cause changes to the crack morphology during the FIB cross-sectioning procedure. Berkovich nanoindents in single crystal hexagonal (6H) silicon carbide cause r…

Preprint
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)14

Crystal plasticity finite element (CPFE) modelling is an effective tool from which detailed information on the meso-scale behaviour of crystalline metallic systems can be extracted and used, not only to enhance the understanding of material behaviour under different loading conditions, but also to improve the structural integrity assessment of e…

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The published version of this paper is currently under embargo and will be available on 07/06/2022
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)11

The galling behaviour of 316L stainless steel was investigated in both the unoxidised and oxidised states, after exposure in simulated PWR water for 850 hours. Galling testing was performed according to ASTM G196 in ambient conditions. 316L was found to gall by the wedge growth and flow mechanism in both conditions. This resulted in folds ahead of …

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2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)02

Shear strain profiles along slip bands in a modified Rolls-Royce nickel superalloy (RR1000) were analyzed for tensile sample deformed by 2%. The strain increased with distance away from a grain boundary (GB), with maximum shear strain towards the center of the grain, indicating that dislocation nucleation generally occurred in the grain interior. T…

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2019
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)77

Internal flow behaviour during melt-pool-based metal manufacturing remains unclear and hinders progression to process optimisation. In this contribution, we present direct time-resolved imaging of melt pool flow dynamics from a high-energy synchrotron radiation experiment. We track internal flow streams during arc welding of steel and measure insta…

Preprint Published