UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 10 of 10 Journals Results
2005

This paper focuses on the diagnostic analysis in magnetically confined fusion plasmas with attention drawn both to the methodology in common with that in astrophysics and to points of departure – such as species, transport, high density and the role of neutral hydrogen. Comment is also made on the state of high quality theoretical collision data …

Published
2004

The impurity line and continuum emission for International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor ( ITER ) reference H-mode and Internal Transport Barrier ( ITB ) plasmas were modeled using the SANCO impurity transport code. Using the instrument sensitivity for a spatially resolving crystal spectrometer array with doubly-curved crystals and two-dimensi…

Published
2004

A curved crystal spectrometer in Johann configuration has been implemented on MAST to obtain values for electron temperature, ion temperature and toroidal velocity. The spectrometer is used to examine medium Z impurities in the soft x-ray region by utilising a Silicon ( 111 ) crystal, bent using a 4 pin bending jig, and a CCD detector sD t =8 ms d …

Published
2003

A family of Johann configuration curved crystal spectrometers has been designed to share the basic engineering features of compactness, modularity, facility of alignment and focus, and incorporation of solid-state charge coupled device detector arrays. These detectors have intrinsically low noise, useful energy resolution, two-dimensional position …

Published
2001

The equilibrium state in tokamak core plasmas has been studied using the relative intensities of resonance x-ray lines. A full spatial analysis involves comparison of the line intensities with ion diffusion calculations, including relevant atomic rates. A zero-dimensional model using a global ion loss rate approximation has also been demonstrated b…

Published
1999

An empirical procedure, ‘‘LINT,’’ for relating emission line intensities of intrinsic impurity ions to their elemental contributions to the total, bolometric, radiation loss and the volume-averaged effective ion charge, Zeff , has been developed and applied to limiter plasmas in the JET tokamak. In this article we discuss extensions to the …

Published
1996

Crystal and synthetic multilayer diffractors, deployed either as flat Bragg reflectors, or curved, as in the Johann configuration, are used to study the spectrum of COMPASS-D and other tokamaks in the wavelength region of 1–100 A. In this article, we concentrate on the measurement of absolute photon fluxes and the derivation of volume emissivitie…

Published
1994

Quantitative measurements of the line and continua emissivities and the analyses of spectral line profiles are essential steps in the interpretation of the x-ray emission from high-temperature fusion plasmas. One method of placing the emissivities on an absolute basis is to use an absolutely calibrated spectrometer to record the data. The overall s…

Published
1992

This spectrometer was designed to give access to a wide range of Bragg angles and crystal focal lengths while using the Rowland circle radius as a free parameter. Stability is achieved using a rigid beam or “Rowland chord,” which provides a reference axis for all the critical alignments, the chord length being variable between about 0.2 and 5 m…

Published