UKAEA Journals

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Fast charge-coupled device (CCD) detector arrays placed at the output of visible spectrometers are used for multichord Doppler shift analyses on the COMPASS-D and START tokamaks. Unequal magnification in the horizontal and vertical axes allows for optimal matching of throughput and spectral resolution at the CCD detector. This involves cylindrical …


A multianode photomultiplier (8X8 anodes of 2.5X2.5 mm2) is used to detect a collection of spectra in a high dispersion echelle spectrometer. A cylindrical lens is placed at the output slit to increase the dispersion at the photomultiplier. The cross talk between adjacent spectra is non-negligible (although