UKAEA Journals

Showing 1 - 10 of 78 Journals Results
2021
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(21)09

Ion cyclotron emission (ICE) driven by perpendicular neutral beam-injected (NBI) deuterons, together with the distinctive ICE driven by tangential NBI, have been observed from heliotron-stellarator plasmas in the Large Helical Device (LHD). Radio frequency radiation in the lower hybrid range has also been observed, with frequency dependent on plasm…

Preprint
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)101

A method to quantify the energy transfer among turbulent structures using singular value decomposition (SVD) is presented. We apply the method to numerical turbulence data obtained from a global plasma simulation using the Hasegawa-Wakatani fluid model, in which the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability plays a dominant role. Using the SVD method, …

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The published version of this paper is currently under embargo and will be available on 08/12/2021
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)64

Observations have recently been made of ion cyclotron emission (ICE) that originates from the core plasma in the DIII-D [1, 2] and ASDEX-Upgrade [3, 4] tokamaks. The ICE spectral peaks correspond to the local cyclotron harmonic frequencies of fusion-born ions close to the magnetic axis, in contrast to the hitherto usual spatial localisation of …

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)32

The novel technique of dynamical mode decomposition (DMD) is applied to the outputs of a numerical simulation of Kelvin-Helmholtz turbulence in a cylindical plasma, so as to capture and quantify the time evolution of the dominant nonlinear structures. These structures comprise rotationally symmetric deformations together with spiral patterns, which…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)24

Ion cyclotron emission (ICE) is detected from all large toroidal magnetically conned fusion (MCF) plasmas. It is a form of spontaneous suprathermal radiation, whose spectral peak frequencies correspond to sequential cyclotron harmonics of energetic ion species, evaluated at the emission location. We first present an account of the worldwide exper…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)08

Intense bursts of suprathermal radiation, with spectral peaks at frequencies corresponding to the deuteron cyclotron frequency in the outer midplane edge region, are often detected from deuterium plasmas in the KSTAR tokamak that are heated by tangential neutral beam injection (NBI) of deuterons at 100 keV. Identifying the physical process by wh…

Preprint Published
2018
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(18)14

Measurements are reported of electromagnetic emission close to the cyclotron frequency of energetic ions in JET plasmas heated by waves in the ion cylotron range of frequencies (ICRF). Hydrogen was the majority ion species in all of these plasmas. The measurements were obtained using a sub-harmonic arc detection (SHAD) system in the transmission li…

Preprint Published
2018
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(18)11

Chirping observed in ion cyclotron emission (ICE) from the KSTAR tokamak at sequential proton harmonics in the range 200 to 500 MHz has recently been interpreted (B. Chapman et al., Nucl. Fusion 57, 124004 (2017)) as due to fast, sub-microsecond, evolution of the local deuterium plasma density. This density evolution changes the plasma environment …

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)56

The merging-compression method of plasma start-up in the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) involved the creation of two plasma tori with parallel currents, which merged at the vacuum vessel midplane due to their mutual attraction. Magnetic reconnection occurred in this process causing strong heating of both ions and electrons on millisecond timesca…

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)48

The ITER tokamak needs to sustain a plasma in a regime of high energy confinement (H-mode) to exceed fusion breakeven where power output exceeds input. H-mode plasmas are typically unstable to edge localised modes (ELMs), in which plasma escapes and strikes the plasma facing components. Scaled up to ITER, the energy released by ELMs can cause criti…

Preprint