Journals

Showing 1 - 10 of 17 Journals Results
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)110

The role of magnetic perturbations generated by filaments in the scrape-off layer is investigated by performing simulations of 3D seeded filaments with an electromagnetic numerical code which includes sheath boundary conditions. Depending on the plasma beta, three smoothly connecting regimes were identified: an electrostatic regime where the magnet…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)53

In toroidal magnetic confinement devices, such as tokamaks and stellarators, neoclassical transport is usually an order of magnitude larger than its classical counterpart. However, when a high-collisionality species is present in an stellarator optimized for low Pfirsch-Schlüter current, its classical transport can be comparable to the neoclassica…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)04

Avoiding impurity accumulation is a requirement for steady-state stellarator operation. The accumulation of impurities can be heavily affected by variations in their density on the flux-surface. Using recently derived semi-analytic expressions for the transport of a collisional impurity species with high-Z and flux-surface density-variation in the …

Preprint Published
2018
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(18)44

High-Z impurities in magnetic confinement devices are prone to develop density variations on the fluux-surface, which can significantly affect their transport. In this paper, we generalize earlier analytic stellarator calculations of the neoclassical radial impurity flux in the mixed-collisionality regime (collisional impurity and low-collisionalit…

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)52

The accumulation of impurities in the core of magnetically confined plasmas, resulting from standard collisional transport mechanisms, is a known threat to their performance as fusion energy sources. Whilst the axisymmetric tokamak systems have been shown to benefit from the effect of temperature screening, that is an outward flux of impurities dri…

Preprint Published
2017
CCFE-PR(17)43

A potential threat to the performance of magnetically confined fusion plasmas is the problem of impurity accumulation, which causes the concentration of highly charged impurity ions to rise uncontrollably in the center of the plasma and spoil the energy confinement by excessive radiation. It has long been thought that the collisional transport of i…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)63

In tokamak transport barriers, the radial scale of profile variations can be comparable to a typical ion orbit width, which makes the coupling of the distribution function across flux surfaces important in the collisional dynamics. We use the radially global steady-state neoclassical f code Perfect to calculate poloidal and toroidal flows, and radi…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)56

Neutral atoms can strongly influence the intrinsic rotation and radial electric field at the tokamak edge. Here, we present a framework to investigate these effects when the neutrals dominate the momentum transport. We explore the parameter space numerically, using highly flexible model geometries and a state of the art kinetic solver. We find that…

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)68

The bootstrap current and flow velocity of a low-collisionality stellarator plasma are calculated. As far as possible, the analysis is carried out in a uniform way across all low-collisionality regimes in general stellarator geometry, assuming only that the confinement is good enough that the plasma is approximately in local thermodynamic equilibri…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)69

Ions accelerated by electric fields (so-called runaway ions) in plasmas may explain observations in solar flares and fusion experiments, however limitations of previous analytic work have prevented definite conclusions. In this work we describe a numerical solver of the 2D non-relativistic linearized Fokker-Planck equation for ions. It solves the i…

Preprint Published