Journals

Showing 1 - 7 of 7 Journals Results
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)113

Combining spatially resolved X-ray Laue diffraction with atomic-scale simulations, we observe how ion-irradiated tungsten undergoes a series of non-linear structural transformations with increasing irradiation exposure. Nanoscale defect-induced deformations accumulating above 0.02 displacements per atom (dpa) lead to highly fluctuating strains a…

Preprint Published
2020
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(20)105

Dislocation climb is an important high temperature process of metals plasticity, responsible for phenomena such as creep, swelling, or hardening. Climb is defined by the ability of dislocations to leave their original glide plane by interaction with point defects. As such, dislocation climb is controlled by point defect diffusion/absorption/emis…

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The published version of this paper is currently under embargo and will be available on 02/09/2022
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)56

Linear elasticity theory predicts a divergent strain field at the dislocation core, resulting from the continuum approximation breaking down at the atomic scale. We introduce a minimum model that includes elastic interactions and discrete lattice periodicity, and derive a set of equations that treat the core of an edge dislocation from a solely geo…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)44

The low energy structures of irradiation-induced defects have been studied in detail, as these determine the available modes by which a defect can diffuse or relax. As a result, there are many studies concerning the relative energies of possible defect structures, and empirical potentials are commonly fitted to or evaluated with respect to these en…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)43

Body-centered cubic metals and alloys irradiated by energetic particles form highly mobile prismatic dislocation loops with a/2 {111} -type Burgers vectors. We show how to simulate thermal diffusion of prismatic loops using a discrete dislocation dynamics approach that explicitly includes the stochastic forces associated with ambient thermal fluctu…

Preprint Published
2019
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)17

We describe the development of a new object kinetic Monte Carlo code where the elementary defect objects are off-lattice atomistic configurations. Atomic-level transitions are used to transform and translate objects, to split objects and to merge them together. This gradually constructs a database of atomic configurations- a set of relevant defect …

Preprint Published
2016
CCFE-PR(16)39

Vacancy-mediated climb models cannot account for the fast, direct coalescence of dislocation loops seen experimentally. An alternative mechanism, self climb, allows prismatic dislocation loops to move away from their glide surface via pipe diffusion around the loop perimeter, independent of any vacancy atmosphere. Despite the known importance of se…

Preprint Published