UKAEA Journals

Showing 1491 - 1500 of 1620 Journals Results
2000

The finite resistivity of the wall that surrounds any toroidal plasma confinement device can lead to a branch of instabilities known as the resistive wall mode (RWM). Theory indicates that the RWM is potentially activated whenever the plasma equilibrium is unstable with the wall placed at infinity. In particular, advanced tokamak power plant design…

Published
2000

H -mode operation has been achieved in high current I p . 200 kA plasmas in the START spherical tokamak for both neutral-beam-injection-heated and Ohmic discharges. The transition to H mode features the development of well-defined edge pedestals in density and temperature, which signifies the formation of an edge-transport barrier, and associated e…

Published
2000

The edge-localized, high-confinement mode regime is of interest for future Tokamak reactors since high performance has been sustained for long durations. Experiments in the Joint European Tokamak [M. Keilhacker et al. , Nuclear Fusion 39 , 209 (1999)] have studied this regime using scans with the toroidal field and plasma current varied together in…

Published
2000

Collisionless quasiperpendicular shocks with magnetoacoustic Mach numbers exceeding a certain threshold are known to reflect a fraction of the upstream ion population. These reflected ions drive instabilities which, in a magnetized plasma, can give rise to electron acceleration. In the case of shocks associated with supernova remnants (SNRs), elect…

Published
1999

The theory of neoclassical transport in an impure toroidal plasma is extended to allow for larger pressure and temperature gradients and faster toroidal rotation than are usually considered. Under these conditions, the density of heavy impurities is not constant on flux surfaces, and the neoclassical transport becomes a nonlinear function of the gr…

Published
1999

A uniform compressible plasma with a uniform flow along the magnetic field in the presence of a resistive wall is shown to be subject to two instabilities. For the first instability, the flow velocity is required to exceed the Alfve´n speed, whereas for the second it need only exceed the sound speed. For a sufficiently high ion temperature, ion La…

Published
1999

There is increasing evidence that the Earth’s magnetosphere, like other macroscopic confined plasma systems (magnetic fusion plasmas, astrophysical accretion discs), displays sandpile-type phenomenology so that energy dissipation is by means of avalanches which do not have an intrinsic scale. This may in turn imply that these systems evolve via s…

Published
1999

It has been suggested [Kleva and Guzdar, Phys. Plasmas 6 , 116 (1999)] that reconnecting ballooning modes in which electron inertia replaces resistivity in a nonideal magnetohydrodynamic Ohm’s law can have substantial growth rates in the low collisionality regime. Numerical calculation, albeit necessarily at unrealistically large values of the co…

Published
1999

The possibility of stabilizing ideal magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) instabilities by resistive walls and slow plasma rotation (rotation frequencies comparable to resistive tearing growth rates) was proposed recently by Finn [Phys. Plasmas 2 , 3782 (1995)] on the basis of cylindrical theory. In the present paper we analyze toroidal effects (pressure gr…

Published
1999

The peeling mode restricts access to the second stability region of the ideal ballooning mode at the tokamak plasma edge. Using a two-dimensional, high toroidal mode number eigenmode code employing a model tokamak equilibrium, it is shown that a window to second stability exists for a sufficiently deep magnetic well. The different mode structures o…

Published