UKAEA Journals

Showing 1591 - 1600 of 1621 Journals Results
1992

Intense superthermal ion cyclotron emission (ICE) has been observed from tokamak plasmas. The power spectrum displays narrow peaks at multiple harmonics of the background ion cyclotron frequency [Cottrell and Dendy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 33 (1988)] in Ohmic deuterium plasmas, and the radiation appears to be driven by the fusion ion population in the…

Published
1992

The experimental performance of a high-brightness neutral-beam system is described which has been designed and manufactured by Culham Laboratory under contract to the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. The neutral beam serves as a diagnostic on the PBX-M experiment and is used to perform studies of high-bet a, bean-shaped, neutral-beam-heated pla…

Published
1991

In a cylindrical plasma, tearing modes can be calculated by asymptotic matching of ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) solutions across a critical layer. This requires a quantity that represents the “discontinuity*’ in the ideal solution across the layer. In a torus, poloidal harmonics are coupled and there are many critical surfaces for each toroi…

Published
1991

This is Part II of a study of resonant perturbations, such as resistive tearing and ballooning modes, in a torus. These are described by marginal ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations in the regions between resonant surfaces; matching across these surfaces provides the dispersion relation. Part I [Phys. Fluids B3, 1532 (1991)] described how all…

Published
1991

A rf ion source with a large extraction area suitable for fusion applications is considered. The source is a metallic magnetic multipole bucket with an internal antenna to couple the rf (at a frequency of 2 MHz) to the plasma. The source is diagnosed by an array of Langmuir probes to measure uniformity, density, and temperature and a small probe ac…

Published
1991

The Euler-Lagrange equations for a charged particle in a tokamak magnetic fieid, in the limit of large aspect ratio, are obtained in terms of toroidal coordinates from the exact Lagrangian, which is expressed in terms of the toroidal and poloidal magnetic fluxes. It differs fundamentally from the standard guiding-center approach, where the local ma…

Published
1991

Electron-impact excitation rates for transitions in heliumlike Mg xI, calculated with the R-matrix code, are used to derive the electron-density-sensitive emission line ratio R (= f/i) and temperature sensitive ratio G [ = (f+i)/r]. A comparison of these with R and G ratios determined from x-ray…

Published
1991

In this paper, a theory of toroidal ion temperature gradient-driven weak turbulence near the threshold is presented. The model considers gyrokinetic ions and adiabatic electrons in toroidal geometry. The linear theory considers modes generally not considered in toroidal theories. The instability is saturated via nonlinear ion resonance, andit is sh…

Published
1991

This paper compares the form of f(v||) arising from the warm-ion, kinetic models of Emmert et al. [ Phys. Fluids 23, 803 ( 1980) ] and Bissel and Johnson [ Phys. Fluids 30,779 ( 1987) ] with experimentally measured distributions from the DITE tokamak obtained with a retarding field analyzer (RFA). The results show that the commonl…

Published
1991

The inclusion of the variation of the equilibrium magnetic field across the Larmor orbits of the resonant particles is crucial for a self-consistent treatment of cyclotron resonance in plasmas. Two contrasting nonrelativistic self-consistent calculations [T. M. Antonsen and W. M. Manheimer, Phys. Fluids 21,2295 (1978); C. N. Lashmore-Davies and R. …

Published