Journals

Showing 491 - 500 of 1482 Journals Results
2015
CCFE-PR(17)22

The Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) is the centre piece of the UK fusion research programme.In 2010, a MAST Upgrade programme was initiated with three primary objectives, to contribute to: (1)testing reactor concepts (in particular exhaust solutions via a flexible divertor allowing Super-X and otherextended leg configurations); (2) adding to the …

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)106

Recent measurements of microwave and x-ray emission during edge localized mode (ELM) activity in tokamak plasmas provide a fresh perspective on ELM physics. It is evident that electron kinetics, which are not incorporated in standard (fluid) models for the instability that drives ELMs, play a key role in the new observations. These effects should b…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)120

Low-energy magnetic states and finite-temperature properties of Cr nanoclusters in bulk bcc Fe and Fe nanoclusters in bulk Cr are investigated using density functional theory (DFT) and the Heisenberg-Landau Hamiltonian based magnetic cluster expansion (MCE). We show, by means of noncollinear magnetic DFT calculations, that magnetic frustration caus…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)113

The detection of fast particle-driven waves in the ion cyclotron frequency range (ion cyclotron emission or ICE) could provide a passive, non-invasive diagnostic of confined and escaping fast particles (fusion a-particles and beam ions) in ITER, and would be compatible with the high radiation environment of deuterium–tritium plasmas in that devic…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)36

Nuclear fusion offers the potential for being a near limitless energy source by fusing together deuterium and tritium nuclei to form helium inside a plasma burning at 100 million kelvin. However, scientific and engineering challenges remain. This paper describes how such a plasma can be confined on Earth and discusses the similarities and differenc…

Preprint Purchase
2015

Quantization of spin-wave excitations necessitates the reconsideration of the classical fluctuation-dissipation relation (FDR) used for temperature control in spin-lattice dynamics simulations of ferromagnetic metals. In this paper, Bose-Einstein statistics is used to reinterpret the Langevin dynamics of both lattice and spins, allowing quantum sta…

Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)40

In radiation damage cascade displacement spikes ions and electrons can reach very high temperatures and be out of thermal equilibrium. Correct modelling of cascades with molecular dynamics should allow for the non-adiabatic exchange of energy between ions and electrons using a consistent model for the electronic stopping, electronic temperature ris…

Preprint Purchase
2015
CCFE-PR(15)42

Using analytic calculations, the effects of the edge ux surface shape and the toroidal current profile on the penetration of ux surface shaping are investigated in a tokamak. It is shown that the penetration of shaping is determined by the poloidal variation of the poloidal magnetic field on the surface. This fact is used to investigate how differe…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)08

Tokamak plasmas rotate even without external injection of momentum. A Doppler backscattering system installed at MAST has allowed this intrinsic rotation to be studied in Ohmic L-mode and Hmode plasmas, including the first observation of intrinsic rotation reversals in a spherical tokamak. Experimental results are compared to a novel 1D model, whic…

Preprint Published
2015
CCFE-PR(15)05

The aim of the Exhaust Detritiation System (EDS) of the JET Active Gas Handling System (AGHS) is to convert all Q-based species (Q2, Q-hydrocarbons) into Q2O (Q being indifferently H, D or T) which is then trapped on molecular sieve beds (MSB). Regenerating the saturated MSBs leads to the production of tritiated water which is stored in Briggs drum…

Preprint Published