Journals

Showing 741 - 750 of 1592 Journals Results
2014

Time-dependent helium gas puff experiments have been performed on the Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST) during a two point plasma current scan in L-mode and a confinement scan at 900 kA. An evaluation of the He II spectrum line induced by charge exchange suggests anomalous rates of diffusion and inward convection in the outer regions of both L-m…

Published
2014

Analytical results of a complete JET cryopump regeneration, including the nitrogen panel, follow- ing the first ITER-Like Wall campaign are presented along with the in-situ analyses of residual gas. H/D mixtures and impurities such as nitrogen and neon were injected during plasma operation in the vessel to study radiation cooling in the scrape-off-…

Published
2014

ITER’s Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequencies (ICRF) system [Lamalle et al., Fusion Eng. Des. 88, 517–520 (2013)] comprises two antenna launchers designed by CYCLE (a consortium of European associations listed in the author affiliations above) on behalf of ITER Organisation (IO), each inserted as a Port Plug (PP) into one of ITER’s Vacuum Vessel …

Published
2014

EASY-II(12) is designed as a functional replacement for the previous European Activation System, EASY-2010. It has extended nuclear data and new software, FISPACT-II, written in object-style Fortran to provide new capabilities for predictions of activation, transmutation, depletion and burnup. The new FISPACT-II code has allowed us to embed many mo…

Published
2014

During the initial operation of the JET ITER-like wall, particular attention was given to the characterization of the Ion Cyclotron Resonance Frequency (ICRF) heating in this new metallic environment. In this contribution we compare L-modes plasmas heated by ICRF or by Neutral Beam Injection (NBI). ICRF heating as expected led to a much higher cent…

Published
2014

In 2011-2012, an experimental campaign with a significant yield of fusion neutrons was carried out on the JET tokamak. During this campaign the facility was equipped with two diamond detectors based on natural and artificial CVD diamond. These detectors were designed and manufactured in State Research Center of Russian Federation TRINITI. The detec…

Published
2014

Using in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM), we have observed nanometre scale dislocation loops formed when an ultra-high-purity tungsten foil is irradiated with a very low fluence of self-ions. Analysis of the TEM images has revealed the largest loops to be predominantly of prismatic 1/2{111} type and of vacancy character. The formation o…

Published
2014

The generation of tritium in sufficient quantities is an absolute requirement for a next step fusion device such as DEMO due to the scarcity of tritium sources. A number of methods have been proposed in order to meet this requirement, however a lithium-based tritium breeding blanket that surrounds the fusion plasma is widely considered to be the mo…

Published
2014

The power load to the divertor surfaces is a key concern for future devices such as ITER, due to the thermal limits on the material surface. One factor that characterises the heat flux to the divertor is the fall off length in the SOL, which recent empirical scalings have shown could be as small as 1 mm. These predictions are based on a multi-machi…

Published
2014

It is shown that rapid substantial changes in heating rate can induce transitions to improved energy confinement regimes in zero-dimensional models for tokamak plasma phenomenology. We examine for the first time the effect of step changes in heating rate in the models of Kim and Diamond [Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 185006 (2003)] and Malkov and Diamond [P…

Published