Comparative Analysis of Core Heat Transport of JET High Density H-mode Plasmas in Carbon Wall and ITER-Like Wall

Comparative Analysis of Core Heat Transport of JET High Density H-mode Plasmas in Carbon Wall and ITER-Like Wall

Comparative Analysis of Core Heat Transport of JET High Density H-mode Plasmas in Carbon Wall and ITER-Like Wall 150 150 Mathew
CCFE-PR(15)46

Comparative Analysis of Core Heat Transport of JET High Density H-mode Plasmas in Carbon Wall and ITER-Like Wall

A consistent deterioration of global confinement in H-mode experiments has been observed in JET [1] following the replacement of all carbon Plasma Facing Components (PFCs) with an all metal (‘ITER-like’) wall (ILW). This has been correlated to the observed degradation of the pedestal confinement, as lower electron temperature (T e ) values are routinely measured at the top of the edge barrier region. A comparative investigation of core heat transport in JET-ILW and JET-CW (Carbon Wall) discharges has been performed, to assess whether core confinement has also been affected by the wall change. The results presented here have been obtained by analysing a set of discharges consisting of high density JET-ILW H-mode plasmas and comparing them against their counterpart discharges in JET-CW having similar global operational parameters. The set contains 10 baseline ( N b =1.5~2) discharge-pairs with 2.7 T toroidal magnetic field, 2.5 MA plasma current, and 14 to 17MW of Neutral Beam Injection (NBI) heating. Based on a T e profile analysis using High Resolution Thomson Scattering (HRTS) data, the T e profile peaking (i.e. core T e (?=0.3) / edge T e (? =0.7)) is found to be similar, and weakly dependent on edge T e , for both JET-ILW and JET-CW discharges. When ILW discharges are seeded with N 2 , core and edge T e both increase to maintain a similar peaking factor. The change in core confinement is addressed with interpretative TRANSP simulations. It is found that JET-ILW H-mode plasmas have higher NBI power deposition to electrons and lower NBI power deposition to ions as compared to the JET-CW counterparts. This is an effect of the lower electron temperature at the top of the pedestal. As a result, the core electron energy confinement time is reduced in JET-ILW discharges, but the core ion energy confinement time is not decreased. Ov erall, the core energy confinement is found to be the same in the JET-ILW discharges compared to the JET-CW counterparts.

Collection:
Journals
Journal:
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Publisher:
IOP
Published date:
03/01/2015