Ionization balance in EBIT and tokamak plasmas

Ionization balance in EBIT and tokamak plasmas

Ionization balance in EBIT and tokamak plasmas 150 150 Mathew

Ionization balance in EBIT and tokamak plasmas

The equilibrium state in tokamak core plasmas has been studied using the relative intensities of resonance x-ray lines. A full spatial analysis involves comparison of the line intensities with ion diffusion calculations, including relevant atomic rates. A zero-dimensional model using a global ion loss rate approximation has also been demonstrated by comparison with the data collected from a Johann configuration spectrometer with a charged coupled device (CCD) detector. Since the lines are nearly monoenergetic, their intensities are independent of the instrument sensitivity and are directly proportional to the ion abundances. This method has recently been applied to Ar in the Oxford electron beam ion trap (EBIT) with a beam energy in the range 3–10 keV. Taking into account the cross sections for monoenergetic electron collisions and polarization effects, model calculations agree with the observed line ratios at 4.1 keV beam energy. This work will be expanded to provide nomograms of ionization state versus line intensity ratios as a function of EBIT beam energy.

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01/01/2001