Are tungsten-based nuclear fusion components truly invisible to x-rays?

Are tungsten-based nuclear fusion components truly invisible to x-rays?

Are tungsten-based nuclear fusion components truly invisible to x-rays? 150 150 Mathew
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(21)40

Are tungsten-based nuclear fusion components truly invisible to x-rays?

The ability to detect undesired volumetric defects in reactor components could affect the safety and reliability of a fusion power plant and change the expected lifetime and performance of the reactor. This is even more true for critical reactor parts like plasma-facing components which have to withstand challenging in-vessel conditions due to a combination of plasma bombardment, radiation, and nuclear heating. The structural integrity of these components prior to their installation in a nuclear fusion reactor need to be assessed non-destructively. Until now, industrial x-ray radiography and tomography have not been used to non-destructively inspect fusion components due to their lack of penetration power into dense material such as tungsten which is often used to manufacture plasma-facing components. However, aiming to revert this consolidated belief, we have demonstrated for the first time the feasibility of assessing volumetric defects non-destructively on DEMO divertor mock-up by means of MeV energy range x-ray tomography. The authors believe that the application of this technology could be easily extended for inspecting large fusion components and positively impact procedures to be followed in the qualification of fusion components for current and future nuclear reactors.

Collection:
Journals
Journal:
Nuclear Fusion
Publisher:
IOP (Institute of Physics)