We use beam tracing — implemented with a newly-written code, Scotty — and the reciprocity theorem to derive a model for the linear backscattered power of the Doppler Backscattering (DBS) diagnostic. Our model works for both the O-mode and X-mode in tokamak geometry (and certain regimes of stellarators). We present the analytical derivation of our model and its implications on the DBS signal localisation and the wavenumber resolution. To determine these two quantities, we find that it is the curvature of the field lines that is important, rather than the curvature of the cut-off surface. We shed light on the hitherto poorly-understood quantitative effect of the mismatch angle. Consequently, one can use this model to correct for the attenuation due to mismatch, avoiding the need for empirical optimisation. This is especially important in spherical tokamaks, since the magnetic pitch angle is large and varies both spatially and temporally.