#### V.H. Hall-Chen J. Damba F.I. Parra Q.T. Pratt C.A. Michael S. Peng T.L. Rhodes N.A. Crocker J.C. Hillesheim R. Hong S Ni W.A. Peebles C.E. Png J. Ruiz Ruiz

We use the beam model of Doppler backscattering (DBS), which was previously derived from beam tracing and the reciprocity theorem, to shed light on mismatch attenuation. This attenuation of the backscattered signal occurs when the wavevector of the probe beam’s electric field is not in the plane perpendicular to the magnetic field. Correcting for…

Preprint#### V. H. Hall-Chen F. I. Parra J. C. Hillesheim

We use beam tracing — implemented with a newly-written code, Scotty — and the reciprocity theorem to derive a model for the linear backscattered power of the Doppler Backscattering (DBS) diagnostic. Our model works for both the O-mode and X-mode in tokamak geometry (and certain regimes of stellarators). We present the analytical derivation of o…

Preprint#### J.C. Hillesheim E. Delabie E. Solano C.F. Maggi H. Meyer E. Belonohy I. Carvalho E. de la Luna A. Drenik M. Gelfusa C. Giroud J. Hobirk A.E. Hubbard A. Kappatou H.T. Kim A. Huber E. Lerche B. Lomanowski M. Mantsinen S. Menmuir I. Nunes E. Peluso F. Rimini P.A. Schneider M. Stamp G. Verdoolaege JET Contributors

Unraveling the conditions that permit access to H-mode continues to be an unresolved physics issue for tokamaks, and accurate extrapolations are important for planning ITER operations and DEMO design constraints. Experiments have been performed in JET, with the ITER-like W/Be wall, to increase the confidence of predictions for the L-H transition po…

Preprint Published#### J F Parisi F I Parra C M Roach C Giroud W Dorland D R Hatch M Barnes J C Hillesheim N Aiba J R Ball P G Ivanov

Local linear gyrokinetic simulations show that electron temperature gradient (ETG) instabilities are the fastest growing modes for kyρi >~ 0.1 in the steep gradient region for a JET pedestal discharge (92174) where the electron temperature gradient is steeper than the ion temperature gradient. Here, ky is the wa…

Preprint Published#### D. B. King E. Viezzer I. Balboa M. Baruzzo E. Belonohy J. Buchanan I.S. Carvalho K. Cave-Ayland I. Coffey C.D. Challis E.G. Delabie L. Garzotti S. Hall J.Hillesheim L. Horvath E. Joffrin D. Keeling K. Kirov C.F. Maggi M. Maslov S. Saarelma S. Silburn E.R. Solano M. Stamp D. Valcarcel H.Weisen

A study of mixed hydrogen-deuterium H-mode plasmas has been carried out in JET-ILW to strengthen the physics basis for extrapolations to JET D-T operation and to support the development of strategies for isotope ratio control in future experiments. Variations of input power, gas fuelling and isotopic mixture were performed in H-mode plasmas of the…

Preprint Published#### V.H. Hall-Chen F.I. Parra J.C. Hillesheim

The use of Doppler Backscattering (DBS) in spherical tokamaks is challenging since the magnetic pitch angle can be large (up to 35, compared to 15 in standard tokamaks like JET). Moreover the pitch angle varies both spatially and temporally. Hence, the probe beam is generally not perpendicular to the magnetic field. This misalignment, which affec…

Preprint Published#### V.H. Chen F.I. Parra J.C. Hillesheim

The Doppler Backscattering (DBS) microwave diagnostic enables the non-perturbative characterisation of density fluctuations and flows, both at the edge and the core of the plasma. The large magnetic pitch angle (up to 35 degrees, compared to 15 degrees in standard tokamaks like JET) and the time-varying magnetic equilibrium make the use of DBS in s…

Preprint Published#### J.C. Hillesheim D. Dickinson C.M. Roach S. Saarelma R. Scannell A. Kirk N.A. Crocker W.A. Peebles H. Meyer The MAST Team

Measurements of local density and magnetic field fluctuations near the pedestal top, conditionally-averaged over the ELM cycle, have been made in MAST. A Doppler backscattering (DBS) system installed at MAST was used to measure intermediate-k (k ? _i _ 3 - 4) density fluctuations at the top of the pedestal. A novel diagnostic technique combining DB…

Preprint Published#### J.C. Hillesheim N. A. Crocker W.A. Peebles H. Meyer A. Meakins A.R. Field D. Dunai M. Carr N. Hawkes The MAST Team

The high-k (7 . k??i . 11) wavenumber spectrum of density fluctuations has been measured for the first time in MAST [B. Lloyd et al, Nucl. Fusion 43, 1665 (2003)]. This was accomplished with the first implementation of Doppler backscattering (DBS) for core measurements in a spherical tokamak. DBS has become a well-established and versatile diagnost…

Preprint Published#### J.C. Hillesheim F.I. Parra M. Barnes N.A. Crocker H. Meyer W.A. Peebles R. Scannell A. Thornton The MAST Team

Tokamak plasmas rotate even without external injection of momentum. A Doppler backscattering system installed at MAST has allowed this intrinsic rotation to be studied in Ohmic L-mode and Hmode plasmas, including the first observation of intrinsic rotation reversals in a spherical tokamak. Experimental results are compared to a novel 1D model, whic…

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