#### V.H. Hall-Chen F.I. Parra J.C. Hillesheim J. Ruiz Ruiz N.A. Crocker P. Shi H.S. Chu S.J. Freethy L.A. Kogan W.A. Peebles Q.T. Pratt T.L. Rhodes K. Ronald R. Scannell D.C. Speirs S. Storment J. Trisno

Doppler reflectometry, or the Doppler backscattering (DBS) diagnostic, enables the measurement of turbulent density fluctuations of intermediate length scales, typically $10 gtrsim k_perp rho_i gtrsim 1$; here $k_perp$ is the turbulence’s wavenumber and $rho_i$ is the ion gyroradius. The backscattered power is proportional to the power of the tur…

Preprint#### V.H. Hall-Chen J. Damba F.I. Parra Q.T. Pratt C.A. Michael S. Peng T.L. Rhodes N.A. Crocker J.C. Hillesheim R. Hong S Ni W.A. Peebles C.E. Png J. Ruiz Ruiz

We use the beam model of Doppler backscattering (DBS), which was previously derived from beam tracing and the reciprocity theorem, to shed light on mismatch attenuation. This attenuation of the backscattered signal occurs when the wavevector of the probe beam’s electric field is not in the plane perpendicular to the magnetic field. Correcting for…

Preprint#### V. H. Hall-Chen F. I. Parra J. C. Hillesheim

We use beam tracing — implemented with a newly-written code, Scotty — and the reciprocity theorem to derive a model for the linear backscattered power of the Doppler Backscattering (DBS) diagnostic. Our model works for both the O-mode and X-mode in tokamak geometry (and certain regimes of stellarators). We present the analytical derivation of o…

Preprint#### V.H. Hall-Chen F.I. Parra J.C. Hillesheim

The use of Doppler Backscattering (DBS) in spherical tokamaks is challenging since the magnetic pitch angle can be large (up to 35, compared to 15 in standard tokamaks like JET). Moreover the pitch angle varies both spatially and temporally. Hence, the probe beam is generally not perpendicular to the magnetic field. This misalignment, which affec…

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