Recent Progress in Understanding the Processes Underlying the Triggering of and Energy Loss Associated with Type I ELMs

Recent Progress in Understanding the Processes Underlying the Triggering of and Energy Loss Associated with Type I ELMs

Recent Progress in Understanding the Processes Underlying the Triggering of and Energy Loss Associated with Type I ELMs 150 150 Mathew

Recent Progress in Understanding the Processes Underlying the Triggering of and Energy Loss Associated with Type I ELMs

The type I ELMy H-mode is the baseline operating scenario for ITER. While it is known that the type I ELM ultimately results from the peeling-ballooning instability, there is growing experimental evidence that a mode grows up before the ELM crash that may modify the edge plasma, which then leads to the ELM event due to the peeling-ballooning mode. The triggered mode results in the release of a large number of particles and energy from the core plasma but the precise mechanism by which these losses occur is still not fully understood and hence makes predictions for future devices uncertain. Recent progress in understanding the processes that trigger type I ELMs and the size of the resultant energy loss are reviewed and compared to experimental data and ideas for further development are discussed.

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01/12/2014