A self-consistent kinetic model is developed to study the stability of the resistive wall mode in toroidal plasmas. This model is compared with other models based on perturbative approaches. The degree of the kinetic modification to the stability of the mode depends on the plasma configurations. Both stabilizing and destabilizing kinetic effects are observed. The nonperturbative approach, with a self-consistent inclusion of the eigenfunctions and the eigenvalues of the resistive wall mode, normally finds less stabilization than the perturbative approach.