Comparing electromagnetic instabilities in global gyrokinetic simulations with local and MHD models

Comparing electromagnetic instabilities in global gyrokinetic simulations with local and MHD models

Comparing electromagnetic instabilities in global gyrokinetic simulations with local and MHD models 150 150 amit
UKAEA-CCFE-PR(19)59

Comparing electromagnetic instabilities in global gyrokinetic simulations with local and MHD models

We perform a study of system-scale to gyro-radius scale electromagnetic modes in a pedestal-like equilibrium using a gyrokinetic code ORB5, and compare to the results of a local gyrokinetic code, GS2, and an MHD energy principle code, MISHKA. In the relevant large-system, short wavelength regime, good agreement between the gyrokinetic codes is found. For global-scale modes, reasonable agreement between MHD and the global gyrokinetic code is observed. There are various formulational and implementational issues with using standard gyrokinetic codes in this limit, so even this level of agreement is promising. In order to achieve this agreement it is important to keep the effect of magnetic field strength fluctuations (which are not directly included in ORB5) in this case, where the gradient of is large. The pressure stability threshold does not change substantially between the MHD and global gyrokinetic simulations. It is also noted that the main stabilising mechanism at short wavelength is the diamagnetic drift, for which a two-fluid (rather than gyrokinetic) formulation would be sufficient.

Collection:
Journals
Journal:
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Publisher:
IOP (Institute of Physics)
Published date:
21/01/2021