Spatially and temporally varying tritium generation in solid-typebreeder blankets

Spatially and temporally varying tritium generation in solid-typebreeder blankets

Spatially and temporally varying tritium generation in solid-typebreeder blankets 150 150 Mathew
CCFE-PR(15)121

Spatially and temporally varying tritium generation in solid-typebreeder blankets

High energy neutrons produced in future fusion reactors will cause significant transmutation reactions in the breeder blanket, including the important tritium breeding reactions. The reaction rate for a given reaction type depends on the neutron spectrum and material properties. The inventory consequences fortritium production of a solid-type breeder blanket are discussed in this paper. A DEMO fusion reactor with19 homogeneous breeder blanket modules made of Eurofer, helium, Be 12 Ti and Li 4 SiO 4 , with enriched 6 Licontent. Each blanket module was segmented radially in order to analyse the time-dependent reaction rate as a function of depth. The resolution of radial segmentation was varied and 5 radial divisions were found to be sufficient to accurately model the tritium inventory. Time-dependent tritium production was simulated with the use of the interface code, FATI, which couples radiation transport code MCNP 6 with the inventory code FISPACT-II. The simulated results show how the tritium production varies over the expected lifetime of the blanket. The overall tritium production of the solid-type blanket decreases as the 6 Li and 7 Li are burnt up. The effect of 6 Li burn-up in the breeder zones nearest to the plasma is identified as the main contributing factor to the decreasing tritium production of the whole breeder blanket.

Collection:
Journals
Journal:
Fusion Engineering and Design
Publisher:
Elsevier
Published date:
10/01/2015