The anticipated heat flux limit of the European DEMO first wall is ~1MW/m2. During transient and off normal events, the heat load deposited on the wall would be much larger than that the steady state heat load and exceed the first wall limit, therefore the breeding blanket first wall needs to be protected in such events. This involves dedicated discrete limiters in certain regions of the machine that would take the brunt of the heat load as well as adequate shaping of the first wall. The current concept envisages limiters at a few (3-4) equatorial ports to cope with the ramp-up of the plasma; upper limiters (in ~8 upper ports) are considered for upward vertical displacement events. Two design options have been considered for these limiters: a modular design where the limiter plasma facing components are attached to individual plates that are assembled together so that transient electromagnetic loads can be reduced, and in case of damage the plates can be replaced/repaired individually; and a divertor-like design where the plasma facing components are attached to a single Eurofer cassette. Other limiters considered include inner wall limiters in case of plasma contraction and lower limiters may be needed for downward vertical displacement events. The thermal hydraulic FE analysis results show that the integrity of the cooling pipes can be maintained during the anticipated transient events. The limiters are considered to be sacrificial and designed to be replaceable independently from the breeding blanket system. The design has to allow that installation, removal or replacement of the limiters can be performed remotely. Strategy to tackle outstanding issues and required R&D is also discussed.
European DEMO first wall shaping and limiters design and analysis statusEuropean DEMO first wall shaping and limiters design and analysis status https://scientific-publications.ukaea.uk/wp-content/themes/blade/images/empty/thumbnail.jpg 150 150 UKAEA Opendata https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/c7700c5c020bdaef41f283eb9cb3b887?s=96&d=mm&r=g
The published version of this paper is currently under embargo and will be available on 24/04/2022