#### M. R. Hardman F. I. Parra C. Chong T. Adkins M. S. Anastopoulos-Tzanis M. Barnes D. Dickinson J. F. Parisi H. Wilson

Ion-gyroradius-scale microinstabilities typically have a frequency comparable to the ion transit frequency.…

Preprint#### J F Parisi F I Parra C M Roach C Giroud W Dorland D R Hatch M Barnes J C Hillesheim N Aiba J R Ball P G Ivanov

Local linear gyrokinetic simulations show that electron temperature gradient (ETG) instabilities are the fastest growing modes for kyρi >~ 0.1 in the steep gradient region for a JET pedestal discharge (92174) where the electron temperature gradient is steeper than the ion temperature gradient. Here, ky is the wa…

Preprint Published#### M. R. Hardman M. Barnes C. M. Roach F. I. Parra

Multiple space and time scales arise in plasma turbulence in magnetic confinement fusion devices because of the smallness of the square root of the electron-to-ion mass ratio and the consequent disparity of the ion and electron thermal gyroradii and thermal speeds. Direct simulations of this turbulence that include both ion and electron space-ti…

Preprint Published#### G. J. Colyer A. A. Schekochihin F. I. Parra C. M. Roach M. A. Barnes Y. C. Ghim W. Dorland

In electrostatic simulations of MAST plasma at electron-gyroradius scales, using the local flux-tube gyrokinetic code GS2 with adiabatic ions, we find that the longtime saturated electron heat flux (the level most relevant to energy transport) decreases as the electron collisionality decreases. At early simulation times, the heat flux quasisatura…

Preprint Published#### J. Ball F. I. Parra M. Barnes

A poloidal tilting symmetry of the local nonlinear _f gyrokinetic model is demonstrated analytically and verified numerically. This symmetry shows that poloidally rotating all the flux surface shaping effects with large poloidal mode number by a single tilt angle has an exponentially small effect on the transport properties of a tokamak. This is sh…

Preprint Published#### F. I. Parra M. Barnes

A set of flux tube gyrokinetic equations that includes the effect of the spatial variation of the density, temperature and rotation gradients on the turbulence is derived. This new set of equations uses periodic boundary conditions. In the limit l?/L « 1, where l? is the characteristic perpendicular length of turbulent structures and L is the char…

Preprint Published#### F. I. Parra M. Barnes

Self-consistent equations for intrinsic rotation in tokamaks with small poloidal magnetic field Bp compared to the total magnetic field B are derived. The model gives the momentum redistribution due to turbulence, collisional transport and energy injection. Intrinsic rotation is determined by the balance between the momentum redistribution and the …

Preprint Published#### J.C. Hillesheim F.I. Parra M. Barnes N.A. Crocker H. Meyer W.A. Peebles R. Scannell A. Thornton The MAST Team

Tokamak plasmas rotate even without external injection of momentum. A Doppler backscattering system installed at MAST has allowed this intrinsic rotation to be studied in Ohmic L-mode and Hmode plasmas, including the first observation of intrinsic rotation reversals in a spherical tokamak. Experimental results are compared to a novel 1D model, whic…

Preprint Published#### J.C. Hillesheim F.I. Parra,M. Barnes N.A. Crocker H. Meyer W.A. Peebles R. Scannell A. Thornton The Mast Team

Tokamak plasmas rotate even without any external injection of momentum. A Doppler backscattering system installed at MAST has allowed this intrinsic rotation to be studied in Ohmic L-mode and H-mode plasmas, including the first observation of intrinsic rotation reversals in a spherical tokamak. Experimental results are compared to a novel 1D model,…

Published#### Y.-C. Ghim A. A. Schekochihin A. R. Field I. G. Abel M. Barnes G. Colyer S. C. Cowley F. I. Parra D. Dunai S. Zoletnik The Mast Team

Beam emission spectroscopy (BES) measurements of ion-scale density fluctuations in the MAST tokamak are used to show that the turbulence correlation time, the drift time associated with iontemperature or density gradients, the particle (ion) streaming time along the magnetic field, and the magnetic drift time are consistently comparable, suggesting…

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