#### M. R. Hardman F. I. Parra C. Chong T. Adkins M. S. Anastopoulos-Tzanis M. Barnes D. Dickinson J. F. Parisi H. Wilson

Ion-gyroradius-scale microinstabilities typically have a frequency comparable to the ion transit frequency. Hence, it is conventionally assumed that passing electrons respond adiabatically in ion-gyroradius-scale modes, due to the small electron-to-ion mass ratio and the large electron transit frequency. However, in gyrokinetic simulations of io…

Preprint Published#### J F Parisi F I Parra C M Roach C Giroud W Dorland D R Hatch M Barnes J C Hillesheim N Aiba J R Ball P G Ivanov

Local linear gyrokinetic simulations show that electron temperature gradient (ETG) instabilities are the fastest growing modes for kyρi >~ 0.1 in the steep gradient region for a JET pedestal discharge (92174) where the electron temperature gradient is steeper than the ion temperature gradient. Here, ky is the wa…

Preprint Published#### M. R. Hardman M. Barnes C. M. Roach

Magnetised plasma turbulence can have a multiscale character: instabilities driven by mean temperature gradients drive turbulence at the disparate scales of the ion and the electron gyroradii. Simulations of multiscale turbulence, using equations valid in the limit of infinite scale separation, reveal novel cross-scale interaction mechanisms in …

Preprint Published#### James Harrison RJ Akers SY Allan JS Allcock JO Allen L Appel M Barnes N Ben Ayed W Boeglin C Bowman J Bradley P Browning P Bryant M Carr M Cecconello CD Challis S Chapman IT Chapman GJ Colyer S Conroy NJ Conway M Cox G Cunningham RO Dendy W Dorland BD Dudson L Easy SD Elmore T Farley X Feng AR Field A Fil GM Fishpool M Fitzgerald

Recent results from MAST address key physics issues for ITER operations and the design of future devices, by advancing our understanding of through analysis of high-resolution data and numerical modelling. Modelling of the interaction between filaments with BOUT++ indicates filaments separated by more than 5x their width move independently, and …

Preprint Published#### M. R. Hardman M. Barnes C. M. Roach F. I. Parra

Multiple space and time scales arise in plasma turbulence in magnetic confinement fusion devices because of the smallness of the square root of the electron-to-ion mass ratio and the consequent disparity of the ion and electron thermal gyroradii and thermal speeds. Direct simulations of this turbulence that include both ion and electron space-ti…

Preprint Published#### G. J. Colyer A. A. Schekochihin F. I. Parra C. M. Roach M. A. Barnes Y. C. Ghim W. Dorland

In electrostatic simulations of MAST plasma at electron-gyroradius scales, using the local flux-tube gyrokinetic code GS2 with adiabatic ions, we find that the longtime saturated electron heat flux (the level most relevant to energy transport) decreases as the electron collisionality decreases. At early simulation times, the heat flux quasisatura…

Preprint Published#### J. Ball F. I. Parra M. Barnes

A poloidal tilting symmetry of the local nonlinear _f gyrokinetic model is demonstrated analytically and verified numerically. This symmetry shows that poloidally rotating all the flux surface shaping effects with large poloidal mode number by a single tilt angle has an exponentially small effect on the transport properties of a tokamak. This is sh…

Preprint Published#### F. I. Parra M. Barnes

A set of flux tube gyrokinetic equations that includes the effect of the spatial variation of the density, temperature and rotation gradients on the turbulence is derived. This new set of equations uses periodic boundary conditions. In the limit l?/L « 1, where l? is the characteristic perpendicular length of turbulent structures and L is the char…

Preprint Published#### F. I. Parra M. Barnes

Self-consistent equations for intrinsic rotation in tokamaks with small poloidal magnetic field Bp compared to the total magnetic field B are derived. The model gives the momentum redistribution due to turbulence, collisional transport and energy injection. Intrinsic rotation is determined by the balance between the momentum redistribution and the …

Preprint Published#### J.C. Hillesheim F.I. Parra M. Barnes N.A. Crocker H. Meyer W.A. Peebles R. Scannell A. Thornton The MAST Team

Tokamak plasmas rotate even without external injection of momentum. A Doppler backscattering system installed at MAST has allowed this intrinsic rotation to be studied in Ohmic L-mode and Hmode plasmas, including the first observation of intrinsic rotation reversals in a spherical tokamak. Experimental results are compared to a novel 1D model, whic…

Preprint Published