UKAEA Journals

Showing 21 - 30 of 41 Journals Results
2007

The linear stability of a class of force-free equilibria in cylindrical geometry is investigated. The class consists of cylindrically symmetric force-free equilibria for which the ratio between the parallel current density and the magnetic field is a step function of the radius. It is suggested that plasmas in reversed field pinches could be roughl…

Published
2007

Throughout the various phases of the ITER project, extensive safety analyses have been performed to ensure that potential hazards to the public, the environment, and personnel are minimized. This work, done before a location for ITER had been chosen, resulted in a very comprehensive assessment of ITER safety in terms of the impact at a “generic s…

Published
2006

Edge-localized modes (ELMs) are cyclic disturbances in the outer region of tokamak plasmas that are influential in determining present and future tokamak performance. In this Letter, we outline an approach to modeling ELMs in which we envisage toroidal peeling modes initiating a Taylor relaxation [Phys. Rev. Lett. 33 , 1139 (1974)] of a tokamak out…

Published
2005

Studies of the safety and environmental impacts of fusion, both of future power plants and of ITER, have shown that a good performance can be achieved. Although it is difficult to anticipate the regulatory regime in which future fusion power stations will be licensed, the areas of public and occupational safety and short and long-term environmental…

Published
2005

Tungsten is a candidate material for a protective armour on the plasma-facing first wall of a fusion power plant. In order to assess the radiological implications of this use of tungsten, two power plant models from the European Power Plant Conceptual Study (PPCS) have been extended by the addition of a 2 mm tungsten layer on the ferriticmartensiti…

Published
2005

We present calculations of the transmutation of initially pure tungsten first-wall and divertor plasma-facing armor intoW-Re-Os alloys in the European Union Power Plant Conceptual Study (PPCS) fusion plant models A, B, and AB. The fusion neutron spectrum was modeled using the MCNP Monte Carlo code including resonance self-shielding effects, and we …

Published
2005

ABSTRACT. The European Power Plant Conceptual Study (PPCS) reported in the summer of 2004. Several conceptual designs (“Models”) for commercial fusion power plants were developed, spanning a range from relatively near term to more substantial extrapolations. The parameters of the Models were chosen by systems analysis to be economically optimal…

Published
2005

The interpretation of EBW emission from spherical tokamaks is nontrivial. We report on a 3D simulation model of this process that incorporates Gaussian beams for the antenna, a full wave solution of EBW-X and EBW-X-O conversions using adaptive finite elements, and EBW ray tracing to determine the radiative temperature. This model is then used to in…

Published
2003

Ripples in the confining field may exert a torque on a rotating plasma. Time reversal symmetry implies that this torque should vanish for an ideal plasma. However, even in an apparently ideal plasma, singularities can give rise to a nonzero torque. This torque is evaluated for a simple configuration. Although the primary force is magnetic, an essen…

Published
2003

The existing regulatory framework in France provides a full and coherent licensing basis to permit ITER to be build and operated at Cadarache. The specific sitting studies including the submission of the first step of licensing documentation for ITER offers an early assessment of fusion power plants. The regulatory procedure begins with the release…

Published