UKAEA Journals

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A major upgrade to the ruby Thomson scattering (TS) system has been designed and implemented on the Mega-ampere spherical tokamak (MAST). MAST is equipped with two TS systems, a Nd:YAG laser system and a ruby laser system. Apart from common collection optics each system provides independent measurements of the electron temperature and density profi…


Both ruby laser ( 300 points ) and NdYAG laser ( 19 points ) Thomson scattering systems are used on MAST. Fast nonlinear optical switching shunts laser beams from the four 50 Hz NdYAG lasers to obtain coaxial plasma illumination. The technique allows for future expandability to many laser systems. The ruby laser system is used in parallel. A broadb…