Journals

Showing 1241 - 1250 of 1482 Journals Results
2004

A tokamak’s confinement time is greatly increased by a transport barrier (TB), a region having a high pressure gradient and usually also a strongly sheared plasma flow. The pressure gradient in a TB can be limited by ideal magnetohydrodynamic instabilities with a high toroidal mode number n (‘‘ballooning modes’’).

Published
2004

A bremsstrahlung diagnostic has been deployed on the Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak ( MAST ) , with matrix viewing of the full plasma cross section in a narrow region of the continuum free of spectral lines. An uncooled CCD detector is used to provide 100 Hz 128 3 128 matrix viewing of the plasma emissivity which is spectrally selected using an inte…

Published
2004

Flux tubes confined in tokamaks are observed to erupt explosively in some plasma disruptions and edge localized modes. Similar eruptions occur in astrophysical plasmas, for example, in solar flares and magnetospheric substorms. A single unifying nonlinear evolution equation describing such behavior in both astrophysical and tokamak plasmas is deriv…

Published
2004

Operating a microchannel plate ( MCP ) in saturated mode provides a simple photon and particle counting detector. However, there is a finite recovery time after individual events during which individual microchannels no longer respond, reducing the overall sensitivity. At continuous high flux levels, the corrections from measured to true flux becom…

Published
2004

Self-consistent modeling of the evolution of the plasma current during disruptions in large tokamaks is presented, taking into account both the generation of runaway electrons and their backreaction on the electric field. It is found that the current profile changes dramatically, so that the postdisruption current carried by runaway electrons is mu…

Published
2004

Simulations of three Joint European Torus [P. H. Rebut et al., Nucl. Fusion 25, 1011 (1985)] type I ELMy high-confinement discharges in a power scan are carried out using the JETTO integrated modeling code [M. Erba et al., Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 39, 261 (1997)] with predictive core and pedestal models, which include the effect of edge local…

Published
2004

This Letter provides information on the spatial and temporal structure of periodic eruptions observed in magnetically confined laboratory fusion plasmas, called edge-localized modes (ELMs), and highlights similarities with solar eruptions. Taken together, the observations presented in this Letter provide strong evidence for ELMs being associated wi…

Published
2004

Results from tritium operation of the VUV survey spectrometer on the JET tokamak are presented. The instrument, located outside the biological shield and offset from a direct plasma 1-o-s for maximum radiation protection, was operational during the trace tritium campaign ( TTE ) at JET.

Published
2004

The generalized Charney-Hasegawa-Mima equation is unstable to a four wave modulational instability whereby a coherent, monochromatic drift wave can drive a band of modes and associated zonal flows unstable. Although initially the fastest growing modes dominate, a secondary nonlinear instability later drives the longest wavelength zonal flow and its…

Published
2004

A microwave interferometry technique is applied for the first time for detecting a discrete spectrum of Alfvén cascade (AC) eigenmodes excited with fast ions in reversed magnetic shear plasmas of the Joint European Torus. The interferometry measurements of plasma density perturbations associated with ACs show an unprecedented frequency and time re…

Published