UKAEA Journals

Showing 1651 - 1660 of 1684 Journals Results
1992

A compact seven channel interferometer has been designed and built to measure electron density profiles in the COMPASS (compact assembly) tokamak. Two far-infrared (FIR) laser cavities are optically pumped with a single continuous-wave CO2 laser, generating two similar beams, with a small, tunable difference frequency (0.5-1.0 MHz). The COMPASS fac…

Published
1992

Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) is a well established technique used to determine the neutral hydrogen density in fusion plasmas.There is a requirement to extend these measurements to the Divertor section of large plasma devices, but this is problematical due to the high levels of stray laser light and background plasma emission. Here we describe …

Published
1992

This spectrometer was designed to give access to a wide range of Bragg angles and crystal focal lengths while using the Rowland circle radius as a free parameter. Stability is achieved using a rigid beam or “Rowland chord,” which provides a reference axis for all the critical alignments, the chord length being variable between about 0.2 and 5 m…

Published
1992

The superior etendu available from a Fabry-Perot spectrometer is also accessible when used in reflective mode in producing a narrow bandwidth rejection, or “notch,” filter. We consider the instrumental defects and the practical effects involved in realizing a useful device. A simple figure of merit is obtained which allows the Fabry-Perot chara…

Published
1992

09The thin beam model of an axis-encircling relativistic electron beam in a uniform, constant, external magnetic field in a cylindrical waveguide is used to develop a unified theory of the various interactions of such a beam with the electromagnetic field. The model includes the gyrotron interaction (longitudinal displacement of the beam) and the p…

Published
1991

The question of the influence of nonaxisymmetric field perturbations on tokamaks is investigated. Recent experiments in the COMPASS-C tokamak [in Proceedings of the 15th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Utrecht (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1989), Vol. 1, p. 3611 with externally applied helical fields reveal that magnetic islands do not appear until th…

Published
1991

The gyrokinetic theory of ion cyclotron resonance is extended to include propagation at arbitrary angles to a straight equilibrium magnetic field with a linear perpendicular gradient in strength. The case of the compressional Alfvén wave propagating in a D(3He) plasma is analyzed in detail. A self-consistent local dispersion relation is obtained u…

Published
1991

In a cylindrical plasma, tearing modes can be calculated by asymptotic matching of ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) solutions across a critical layer. This requires a quantity that represents the “discontinuity*’ in the ideal solution across the layer. In a torus, poloidal harmonics are coupled and there are many critical surfaces for each toroi…

Published
1991

This is Part II of a study of resonant perturbations, such as resistive tearing and ballooning modes, in a torus. These are described by marginal ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations in the regions between resonant surfaces; matching across these surfaces provides the dispersion relation. Part I [Phys. Fluids B3, 1532 (1991)] described how all…

Published
1991

A rf ion source with a large extraction area suitable for fusion applications is considered. The source is a metallic magnetic multipole bucket with an internal antenna to couple the rf (at a frequency of 2 MHz) to the plasma. The source is diagnosed by an array of Langmuir probes to measure uniformity, density, and temperature and a small probe ac…

Published